Gynaecomastia is an excessive enlargement of the male breast. For some teenagers and adult men, it can be a normal occurrence at a certain stage of life. The development of breast tissue is influenced by a hormone called oestrogen that are usually at a low level in men. Gynaecomastia may also be due to a range of other abnormal causes including liver disease, medication taken for other health problems, non-prescription medication such as steroids, or underlying changes in the production of male and female hormones that can occur for a variety of reasons.
Excess breast tissue in men with gynaecomastia is composed of fatty tissue and mammary gland tissue. Some male breasts contain mainly fatty tissue, while others contain mainly glandular tissue, or they may be made up of both.
Surgery for gynaecomastia can improve your appearance and lead to greater self-confidence however, it is important to have realistic expectations of what this procedure will achieve. The surgical methods to treat gynaecomastia depend to some degree on the type of tissue present in the breast:
- mammary gland tissue requires surgical cutting
- fatty tissue can be removed using liposuction
- breast tissue composed of both glandular and fatty tissue requires a combination of surgical cutting and removal, liposuction and surgical revision of the breast shape.
The skin of the upper eyelids may sag and appear loose and baggy, which is a normal sign of aging. In some cases vision is partially blocked. To correct both aesthetic and visual problems the procedure is called blepharoplasty, which is the removal of excess skin and fatty deposits. The appearance of dark circles, lines at the corners of the eye, crows fee or droopy eye browns are not removed during this procedure. Eyelid reduction surgery is one of the most common procedures undertaken which can be performed in-conjunction with a facial procedure or as an individual procedure. You should always keep in mind that the desired result is improvement, not perfection.
A successful operation will give you a more youthful and rested appearance. Skin folds and fat bulges will be removed and eyelid creases improved. To correct drooping eyebrows or creases of the forehead, temple or cheeks, other procedures such as a facelift or browlift should be considered. Perfect symmetry cannot be guaranteed as the two sides of our faces are usually not identical.
A neck lift is a surgical procedure to improve the appearance of the neck and reduce the signs of ageing and weight loss. Neck lift procedures can help to:
- tighten loose skin
- remove excess fat
- reduce a double chin
- reduce jowls
- define the jaw line
- treat a “turkey gobble”neck
- reduce the appearance of stringy muscle cords that run the length of the neck.
A range of neck lift procedures are available. The procedure (or combination of procedures) recommended by the plastic surgeon depend on the muscle tone, skin elasticity and body fat in the patient’s neck area. Neck lift techniques vary depending on the needs of the patient and surgeons‘ preference. A neck lift may take between one and three hours, depending on the amount of surgery required.
You may be fitted with a pressure bandage immediately after surgery. The pressure bandage is usually wrapped around the head to fit under the chin and cover both ears. This helps reduce the swelling and support the neck tissues as they heal.
Liposuction is the removal of fat deposits from specific areas of the body with use of a metal cannula that is inserted into deep subcutaneous fat using a technique where the cannula, is moved in specific patterns, which is dependent on the area that is being treated. This procedure is also referred to as liposculpture or suction-assisted lipectomy.
Liposuction can assist with the shaping of areas such as thighs, knees, buttock, hips, waist, abdomen, neck and chin. Xxx Liposuction does not remove or improve cellulite or stretch marks as these are not related to fat accumulation.
Liposuction is an elective procedure and is not required for the maintenance of good health. Dr Preketes will discuss the pros and cons of this procedure at the time of your consultation together with the expected outcome. Other factors that will affect the outcome are changes in body weight due to loss, gain or fluid retention.
Fatty tissue to other sites may increase in size if you do not control your food intake, creating unwanted bulges. Muscle tone or a flat tummy will not be evident following liposuction if the underlying muscles are weak.
Body Lift surgery includes various procedures to remove and tighten excess skin. It is also used to tighten saggy skin due to childbirth or ageing. Body contouring surgery can improve a number of areas such as waist, abdomen, thighs, buttocks, upper torso and upper arms.
Whilst body contouring surgery can reshape the body, it is not an alternative to weight loss. Liposuction alone is not a suitable option because the problem is extreme skin looseness, not excessive fat and liposuction does not tighten skin. Body contouring surgery cannot produce a young, unblemished figure. Skin tension will remain soft. Surgical scars are permanent. Your surgeon cannot guarantee that the scars will remain hidden in bathers or normal clothing.
This procedure removes large skin folds and fat from the hips, outer upper thighs, lower abdomen and upper buttocks. The type of body lift surgery that you have and the amount of skin removed will depend on your needs and the needs of the surgeon’s advice to stay within safe limits. Body contouring surgery may take several hours depending on the case. Extensive surgery time is not suitable for everyone.